Glossary of key adaptation concepts

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This page provides a central edited and structured list of the different adaptation concepts that the project subsumes. Each entry is a transclusion of the independent key term pages used in the project to create structured data.

Large-scale

These terms are relevant for full-text and significant partial-text adaptations.

Intersection

Intersection - high degree of fidelity to original text

  • "Here the uniqueness of the original text is preserved to such an extent that it is intentionally left unassimilated in adaptation" [1]
  • "All such works fear or refuse to adapt. Instead they present the otherness and distinctiveness of the original text, initiating a dialectical interplay between the aesthetic forms of one period with the cinematic [or other] forms of our own period" [2]


Transformation

Transformation is adaptation with a medium degree of fidelity to original text

  • "Here it is assumed that the task of adaptation is the reproduction in cinema [or another medium] of something essential about an original text. Here we have a clear-cut case of film trying to measure up to a literary work, or of an audience expecting to make such a comparison”[2]
  • "Fidelity of adaptation is conventionally treated in relation to the ‘letter’ or to the ‘spirit’ of the text, as though adaptation were the rendering of an interpretation of a legal precedent" [2]


Borrowing

Borrowing is a adaptation with a low degree of fidelity to original text

  • "Here the artist employs, more or less extensively, the material, idea, or form of an earlier, generally successful text" [1]
  • "…the main concern is the generality of the original, its potential for wide and varied appeal--in short, its existence as a continuing form of archetype in culture" [1]


Small-scale

These terms are relevant for relatively minor instances of adaptation or appropriation.

Reference

Reference is the small sampling of original text within another text, in a way that’s explicit or transparent about the original source (either through note, through context, etc.)


Allusion

Allusion is the small sampling of original text within another text, but in a way that’s implicit, not transparent to the audience


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Andrew, Dudley. "Adaptation." Film Adaptation. Ed. James Naremore. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2001. 28-37. Print. 30.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Andrew, Dudley. "Adaptation." Film Adaptation. Ed. James Naremore. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2001. 28-37. Print. 31.